In recent years, the coal mining industry has been developing significantly, which has satisfied the increase of consumption demand in both domestic and exporting market. In contrast, this activity triggers the bad effects on the environment and society namely: dust, noise, the water pollution, declining ecosystems, the drawbacks to employees’ health and communities around the exploiting areas. To minimize the above bad effects, it is more advisable to evaluate the efficiency of the environmental management in coal exploitation, from which we can suggest some promoting solutions to those problems. The purpose of this article is to make clear the issues of in the environmental management of in coal exploitation. Indeed, the authors give several solutions to enhance the quality of environmental management in Coal exploitation at companies of Vietnam National Coal-mineral Industries Holding Corporation Limited.